Admirals ...The Aztecs, part of modern day Mexico, were once the epitome of fine culture. Nonetheless, this rule began to deteriorate when Spanish explorers disembarked at Tabasco and Vera Cruz on April 21st 1519. Why were the Aztecs able to take control of the basin known as the Valley of Mexico? Be sure to give specific examples of the leaders (both Spanish and Native Americans), weapons, diseases, and events to support your case. David Shi, America: A Narrative History, Volume 1, Eleventh Edition.New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2019. why were the spaniards able to conquer the aztecs? From sources of the time, historians can explain how Cortes was able to conquer the Aztecs for various reasons. b. Explain three reasons why the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires. She had also been helping Spain’s enemies in the Netherlands. By placing their cannon into position and readying the cavalry and infantry, they could be ready in a moment s notice. Get an essay WRITTEN FOR YOU, Plagiarism free, and by an EXPERT! In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed. The answers to this question are many but the one we shall explore is that of the factors that gave the Spanish soldiers the advantage over the Aztecs. It is worth fifty points. They... ...Why Did The Spanish Armada’s Plan To Overthrow Protestant England In 1588 Fail? Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Over time, around 80 percent of the people living in the Valley of Mexico died from these diseases. By far, one of the biggest downfalls of Montezuma and the Aztecs was the role of the God Quetzalcoatl. Horses Advanced Weapons Since the Spanish had horses and the Incas had never seen them before, it scared them. After months of bitter street fighting by August 1521, the smoking ruins were finally in Spanish hands and the Aztecs had been virtually exterminated. The Spanish were strangers to the new world and, therefore, avoided war at all costs. Well it's a sad time to say goodbye! B. Most of them are native speakers and PhD holders able to take care of any assignment you need help with. They began their rule of southern and central Mexico during the 14th century and practiced an incredibly wealthy lifestyle. The first reason for why... ...it be that the Aztecs, one of the greatest and strongest civilisations of its time, be defeated by only a few hundred men? The Spaniards had been in the Caribbean long enough for a few Native Americans to learn to speak Spanish. Even after General Cortes and his troops were settled into luxurious apartments and given a sumptuous meal, they remained very cautious. What were the major causes, events, and consequences of this rebellion? The Aztecs admired Spanish culture and Why did cortez want to conquer the aztecs (they had attacked spanish merchants) (to bring enslaved aztecs In the 1500s, because the Spanish had guns, they were able to conquer two great empires-the Incas and https://www.thevintagenews.com/2017/02/03/spanish-conquistadors-used-advanced-weaponry-and-armor-to-their-advantage/ Date Accessed: Kings and Generals, “Aztecs: Arrival of Cortes and the Conquistadores.” October 11, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=suRAVIndO4Y Date Accessed: Kings and Generals, “Spanish Conquest of the Incan Empire.” June 7, 2018. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xPm8E-zWwsQ Date Accessed: Discuss Bacon’s Rebellion of 1676. He was fortunate enough to have two interpreters; Aguilar, a shipwrecked Spaniard who had learned the Maya language, and Malinche. They were the first people to settle in the area. a. European diseases decimated native American tribes. It was because the Aztecs thought that they were gods so they would not harm them, the disease of smallpox was killing them, and they had better weapons like guns and steel swords Give an introductory paragraph briefly summarizing the conquest of one of these two empires. Introduction The Spanish made their way inland, ignoring pleas and threats from Montezuma to go away. ..." in History if there is no answer or all answers are wrong, use a search bar and try to find the answer among similar questions. The conquest allowed for both cultures to adopt new foods, animals and linguistics. and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes King Phillip felt it was his duty as a Catholic to punish her. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people.By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had … It was those three things that allowed Spain to conquer the Americas. They built a strong defense that protected Lake Texcoco from invasion. The Aztec principal cacique. GROSS! The thing that ties them both together is the Conquistador Hernan Cortes. He was chosen for his prestige rather than his... ...Mid-Term Essay Question No other outside force could possibly have been as destructive to the Aztec empire as the Spanish settlement and colonization in the sixteenth century. 2) Traitors. Finally, write a concluding paragraph where you summarize this information and provide your own thoughts and ideas. he found a spanish man who was a castaway and used him as a translator. Medina was not as strong as drake and Howard because he had never commanded a navy at sea before. ...Essay #1: Spanish Colonization and Destruction of the Aztecs This historic turning point took place during the sacred Fiesta of Toxcatl, which was meant to honor a major Aztec god. The Aztecs believed that blood from human sacrifice would nourish the gods and if the gods were not fed blood the world would end. Also, the Spanish could move quickly on He used this tactic to aid in expedition and to guard against any attacks. B. d. All of these answers are correct. However, the inevitable happened, they were beaten and in this enquiry I will talk about the reasons and factors to why the Spanish Armada ended up getting beat trying to overthrow protestant England in 1588. study guide by AVA_DAIDONE includes 10 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Relations between these two superpowers have been getting gradually worse. The Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs because the Aztecs were not very advanced in technology, where as the Spanish had technology like swords, armor, things that the Aztecs didn't have then. Moctezuma... StudyMode - Premium and Free Essays, Term Papers & Book Notes. The Spanish found allies among enemies of the Aztecs. Technology. The true reason for the Spanish being there was to see if there was gold and riches to be had and to convert the people to Christianity. D. The Spanish outnumbered the Aztecs. Conquering city after city, Moctezuma and his warrior empire took food, luxury goods, exotic raw materials and war captives. Why were the Spanish able to conquer the aztecs and incas? The legend of Quetzalcoatl depicted a bearded, white God who looked similar to Cortes. A. When the Spanish voyagers first arrived, they were welcomed warmly, respectfully and received Godlike treatment. Illness. B. ... Why were the Aztecs able to take control of the basin known as the Valley of Mexico? The Aztecs of Tenochtitlan ruled by Montezuma II became the greatest power in Mexico. Be sure to provide a works cited section with a bibliographic citation of each source used; be sure to include the Date Accessed is the date that YOU previewed a particular website or watched a Youtube video because website/video content can change. The Aztecs had many myths about their gods however the most important was the story about Quetzacóatl (ket-zahl-co-ah-tul), the god of fertility and life. Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment. When Cortes first came to Mexico, he did not know the language spoken by the Indian tribes. No need to work on your paper at night. Why did they fail? He allowed the Spanish to enter into Tenochtitlan and observe its’ physical layout, its vast wealth and weaknesses. We use several checkers to make sure that all papers you receive are plagiarism-free. Sometime in the 12th century they embarked on a period of wander- ing and in the 13th century settled in the valley of central Mexico. So they wanted to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and introduce a Catholic King or Queen to run the country. Arguably … It was believed the Spanish Armada were a formidable force and could not be beaten; their weapons and tactics were far superior to any other countries. C. The Aztecs were weakened by civil war. First, technology was a major reason the Spanish were able to conquer the Aztec and Inca empires. The Spanish were able to conquer the Aztecs because the Aztecs were not very advanced in technology, where as the Spanish had technology like swords, armor, things that the Aztecs didn't have then. Also, the Spanish … You could argue for both sides as to which played a more significant part in the fall of the Aztecs, however, I feel they both played an equal role in the defeat of the Aztecs and the fall of Tenochititlan to the Spaniards. Their ships were damaged and to stop at the nearest port, Coruna, to be repaired. The Spanish military technology was superior. It was the end of the reign of Superiority for the Spanish’s so called invincible armada as they were finally defeated by the English naval force in July 1588. Superior weaponry and a devastating smallpox outbreak enabled the Spanish to conquer … Be sure to cite properly, as per the MLA Format every time that any information is directly copied (and quotation marks are needed), paraphrased (writing someone else’s ideas in your own words) or for any facts that are not common knowledge (like “the sky is blue”). The Spanish armada started in 1588 and finished around a month later. Elizabeth had been encouraging attacks on Spanish to and from the new world. Choose the payment system that suits you most. The Aztecs pursued and harassed the Spanish, who, guided by their Tlaxcalan allies, moved around Lake Zumpango towards a sanctuary in Tlaxcala. All papers are always delivered on time. Government is one of the most significant elements required to create a truly organized civilization. Get an answer for 'Why were the Spanish able to conquer and colonize the Americas?' Differences in the worldviews of the Spanish and the Aztecs helped the Spaniards to conquer Tenochtitlan. Blakemore, Erin, “Bacon’s Rebellion: Why America’s First Colonial Rebels Burned Jamestown to the Ground.”, August 8, 2019. https://www.history.com/news/bacons-rebellion-jamestown-colonial-america, McCulley, Susan and Loux, Len, “Bacon’s Rebellion.” NPS.gov February 26, 2015. https://www.nps.gov/jame/learn/historyculture/bacons-rebellion.htm Date Accessed: Jocz Productions, “Bacon’s Rebellion APUSH Review.” June 9, 2014. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DQa2zIJ81Ow Date Accessed: We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. This wasn’t, of course the only reason The Armada failed, but the poor beginning did seem to be a bad omen for the next series of events. The Aztecs were driven back into Tenochtitlán, and Cortes and his allies laid siege. Although the original system of government was kept, a new concept of hierarchy was implemented. Moctezuma made a grandiose mistake by trusting the European colonists, who made their violent intentions known by plotting to assassinate the top warriors in the Aztec kingdom. I think that this is a reason why the Spanish armada failed because I am sure he would have lost his concentration when planning attacks and formations. D. They produced trade goods that made them wealthy. Follow these simple steps to get your paper done. c. There were insurrections among Aztec subject peoples. but their thirst for gold angered the aztecs who attacked tyhem eventually. This had weakened the Empire greatly, something the Spanish were able to take advantage of. Bye Bye! thats easy. Our academic writers and editors will help you with unlimited number of revisions in case you need any customization of your academic papers, Don't use plagiarized sources. One reason why the spanish easily conquer the americas was the aztecs and incas lacked? This essay will tell you why the Spanish failed so badly and why England won. In May 1588 Catholic king Phillip of Spain sent his Spanish Armada to attack England. You can either do it on your own after signing in to your personal account or by contacting our support. The Spanish lost dramatically for several reasons. In combination these reasons allowed him to have the upper hand in the conquest of Mexico. First Omen: A comet flew across the night sky and destroyed, as it was thought, by the Sun. Superior weapons and disease brought over to the Americas from Europe were the reasons why the Spanish conquistadors were able to conquer the Aztec Empire. In the early days of Spanish exploration, their goal was not to wage war with the lands native nations. 3.) One: The Aztecs were lead by a superstitious, impressionable and weak leader in the person of Moctezuma. Trust was not to be gained quite as easily as each leader kept their warriors on constant alert. The superior weapons and adequate resources that the Spanish army had can also be regarded as one of the factors, which contributed to the defeat of the Aztecs. History.com Editors, “Aztec capital falls to Cortes.” History, A&E Television Networks August 19, 2019. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/aztec-capital-falls-to-cortes Date Accessed: History.com Editors, “Pizarro Executes the Last Inca Emperor.” History, A&E Television Networks, July 27, 2019 https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pizarro-executes-last-inca-emperor. Firstly, the Spanish were dogged with bad luck from the very beginning. The Spanish made a series of mistakes witch lead to their downfall one of their first mistakes was their choice of commander, the Duke of Medina Sidonia. The conflict between England and Spain had been going on for a while before the attempt to invade England. The Spanish took advantage of this Aztec belief and conquered Mexico within two years. Write another paragraph about the Spanish advantages in military technology, and a fourth paragraph about such biological factors as the animals used by the Spanish and the effects of disease on the Native Americans. Spanish’s beliefs were much different, they believed in only one god while the Aztecs worshipped many. Also the Spanish admiral suffered from sea sickness. Though they were technologically advanced and brought new weapons to the Americas, they were outnumbered and trapped in foreign lands. Our academic experts will gladly help you with essays, case studies, research papers and other assignments. 2.) The Spanish influence in the Americas negatively impacted the Aztec empire and other natives of the Americas until Spanish conquistadors ultimately conquered the native people. Medina Sidonia the Spanish admiral was not as strong as the English admirals Drake and Howard for a lot of reasons. The majority of the Aztecs’ lives and beliefs was centered on their Gods. the aztecs thought they were gods so they accepted them at 1st. Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you. They built a strong defense that … Which best explains why the Spanish were able to defeat the Aztecs? The Spanish brought European diseases to the Americas where there was little to no resistance to the sicknesses. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. UH-OH! By this logic, we should all be called "Africans". You can be positive that we will be here 24/7 to help you get accepted to the Master’s program at the TOP-universities or help you get a well-paid position. Hence, the Aztecs and the Spanish acclimatized to each other’s way of life, which resulted in significant changes in both cultures. What went wrong? This will have caused the Spanish a major setback from winning the Spanish armada because they would not have been as strong as the English navy. ...Why did the Spanish armada fail? In combination these reasons allowed him to have the upper hand in the conquest of Mexico. You will have 10 days to send the order for revision after you receive the final paper. In fact, smallpox was the main reason why the Aztecs had to stop pursuing the Spanish around Texcoco Lake after the ‘Noche Triste’. Why were the spanish able to defeat the great Aztec Empire despite their inferior numbers? Our academic writers and editors will help you submit a well-structured and organized paper just on time. Before he left, he prophesied that he would return in Ce Acatl, the year of his birth which, by the Aztec calendar, was also known as Year One Reed. ...The people known as the Aztecs (who referred to themselves as the Mexica or Tenocha) originated from a place called Aztlan, somewhere in North or North west Mexico. After Montezuma II was killed the Aztecs elected Cuauhtemoc as their new king. NASTY! However, the final straw for Spain was when she executed Mary Queen of Scots (a Catholic Queen) and had a papal bull written against her. According to The Biography Channel, Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro was able to defeat the Inca easily because the Incans were embroiled in their own civil war and suffering from the smallpox epidemic, both of which had dramatically weakened the Incan empire. Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire.This event is called the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire.Cortés helped old enemies of the Aztecs defeat them in one of the most important events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.. he also found malinche and was also used as a translator. By 1521, the Aztec culture was officially eradicated and a new culture, consisting of a combination of Aztec and Spanish elements, emerged. 10. One of their biggest beliefs was of the God Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent. Once settled, however, it became clear that coexistence could not last forever. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc., 2019. C. They had a powerful army that allowed them to conquer their neighbors. Regardless of primary intentions, Hernan Cortes and his men slowly brought down Moctezuma and his army of less advanced warriors. When they reached the lands of the Tlaxcalans in August of 1519, Cortes decided to make contact with them. The city of Tenochtitlan formed an alliance with the neighboring cities of Texcoco and Tlacopan but later became the dominant partner and gained total control of the entire valley. This delayed their journey and had detrimental effect on Spanish morale. As per the syllabus, students must use a minimum of two sources that are to be cited in the body of the essay as well as the works cited section be counted for a grade. Cortés eventually had him executed. We have hired a team of professional writers experienced in academic and business writing. On 14 July 1520, the Aztecs attempted to destroy the Spanish for good at the Battle of Otumba. Please consult the syllabus for more information. Two T's and a D; 1) Technology. Cortez was able to defeat the Aztecs for many reasons. cortez is the main 1 who conquered the aztecs by the way. In spite of being a rich and powerful nation Elisabeth managed to defeat the Spanish before they even set foot on English soil. It was part of the Anglo-Spanish war of 1585-1604 and the invasion by the Spanish Armada itself took place in July of 1588. The Aztecs on foot could not compete. The weather, which was stormy, seemed to be against them. , which impacts everything.-Two reasons why Spanish were able to defeat the Aztecs-1.Spanish alliances with a lot of smaller indigenous rival tribes-2.Spaniards had advanced weapons/tech of which indigenous never had LA MALINCHE (DO ÑA MARINA): An indigenous woman, portrayed as a traitor. Why was Cortes with 508 soldiers able to conquer the Aztec Empire with millions of people? Get in touch whenever you need any assistance. The essay should be 1 1/2 to 2 pages in length (approximately 300-500 words). A. This war was never actually declared, however, there was always tension between the two countries as Catholic Spain was not happy with England being a protestant country. Favorite Answer. Malinche was a young maiden “given” to Cortes as an offering. What can historians learn about why the Spanish were successful in defeating the Aztecs? Our editors carefully go through all in-text citations. The Spanish conquests of Montezuma and the Aztecs were both a Spanish conquest as well as an Indian civil war. The Spanish had armor and guns, a military advantage that the Aztecs and Incas did not have. 3) Disease. We also promise full confidentiality in all our services. Answer: d Page: 534 Factual They were the first people to settle in the area. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. The warlike Tlaxcalans had been enemies of the Aztecs for generations and had held out against their warlike neighbors. You are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper. Battle of Tenochtitlan (May 22–August 13, 1521), military engagement between the Aztecs and a coalition of Spanish and indigenous combatants commanded by Hernan Cortes. This wasn’t a good choice because it would have been harder for the ships to move and react to the English ships however though it would have given them great protection. On the contrary, the Aztecs were more and more demoralized by a mysterious illness that led them to death but not the Spaniards, as if their enemy was provided with some kind of magic invincibility. Montezuma, the ruler at that time, believed that the Spanish military leader, Hernán Cortés, was the great god Quetzalcoatl. It was believed that Quetzacoatl would come from the east as a beared, pale-skinned man. Essay 1 (From Chapter 1) What factors enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires in Central and South America with relative ease in the 16th Century (meaning 1500’s)? Drake and Howard however worked as a great team and both balanced each other out really well. Cortes was able to conquer the Aztecs for several very different reasons. If you feel that we missed something, send the order for a free revision. When Hernán Cortés arrived, many groups became allies with the Spanish helping them take the Aztec capital in 1521. Montezuma believed that Cortes was the human version of Quetzalcoatl. Between her and Aguilar, Cortes was able to become familiar with the way the Aztecs lived, thought, and fought. Get Your Custom Essay on, What factors enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires. About 1345 they founded the town of Tenochtitlan. The Aztecs were a very superstitious culture and before the Spanish had arrived in Mexico eight occurrences caused by nature, considered as The Omens, befell the Aztecs, signalling that bad times were ahead of them. Students must submit one of these essay topics in paragraph form through the Assignments Tab if Canvas by the deadline specified in the Syllabus and in Assignments. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree. It was believed by the Aztecs that Quetzacoatl was once an Emperor of Tollan, the Totec Capital however he was forced to flee by the people as he greatly opposed human sacrifice. As far as the European "explorers" were concerned, there were natives in the New World when they arrived. Why were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztecs? A. You will get a personal manager and a discount. The main factor that led to the victory of the Spanish Conquerors was the Aztec religion. Embarking on a journey of his own in search of gold, General Hernando Cortes lead his group of Spanish troops into the path of the powerful Moctezuma monarchy. What factors enabled the Spanish to conquer the Aztec and Incan empires in Central and South America with relative ease in the 16th Century (meaning 1500’s)? We will ensure that your final paper is of the highest quality and absolutely free of mistakes. Please note that the textbook is an acceptable source for both of the identification terms: David Shi, America: A Narrative History, Volume 1, Eleventh Edition. Cortez found a female who was a willing translator, and through her he learned that the Aztecs had many enemies. The Aztecs were native to America in the sense that they had settled there perhaps as much as 12,000 years earlier, they lived there, they cultivated the land, etc. Christianity however, became a stipulation and the very foundation of the way of life in Mexico. If the Spanish had maybe chosen an admiral that had commanded at sea before they might have had a greater chance of winning. Under the leadership of Cuauhtémoc, the Aztecs refused to surrender, and Cortes had to invade. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. Even though the Anglo-Spanish war finished in 1604 the Spanish Armada were officially defeated in 1588 and never made a comeback and the Spanish army were never called the Armada again. BUMMER! He posed as their liberator and used them for his own ends. The Aztecs were severely weakened by diseases that the Spanish brought such as smallpox, influenza, and malaria. Cortes’s army besieged Tenochtitlan for 93 days. The prisoners of war were saved for sacrifices to the gods. How smallpox devastated the Aztecs – and helped Spain conquer an American civilization 500 years ago February 19, 2019 6.32am EST Richard Gunderman , Indiana University No Author Listed, “Guns Germs and Steel Variables: Horses.” Lion Television 2005. https://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/horses.html Date Accessed: No Author Listed, “Guns Germs and Steel Variables: Smallpox.” Lion Television 2005. https://www.pbs.org/gunsgermssteel/variables/smallpox.html Date Accessed: Harvey, Ian, “Spanish Conquistadores used advanced armor and weaponry to their advantage.”. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. The Incas were just coming out of a bloody civil war when Pizarro and his men arrived. The Spanish destroyed the Aztecs' weapons. - 25619182 Medina chose to put his ships in the formation of a crescent. Get an answer to your question "How were the Spanish able to conquer the Aztec? 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